How Great Is Nigeria! By Kenneth Okpomo

How Great Is Nigeria!

Nigeria is a great country. This is a fact that cannot be disputed. In five main categories I shall discuss the distinctive attributes of this country with a view to capturing the real depths and dimensions of her greatness.

  • Geography

With a land area of 923, 768 sq. Km (and an arable land area of about 34,000, 000 hectares), Nigeria is certainly a big and fecund country. The country’s savanna, mangrove and rainforest vegetation is distinctively suitable for various kinds of commercial and livestock agriculture. Crops such as millet, sorghum, cowpea, soybean, groundnut, tomato, sesame, melon, bean, cashew, tomato, onions, etc, grow well in the northern belt where livestock such as cattle, ram and goat are commonly reared. In the southern belt, palm kernel, cassava, plantain, yam, cocoyam, potato, cocoa bean, rubber, plantain, okra, grow well while poultry bird, goat, rabbit, snail, pig, etc, are commonly breed. Assorted sea animals are plentiful in the country’s expansive rivers and water bodies.

In terms of food sufficiency and the export market, Nigeria occupies a top spot on the African continent.  The country is the leading cultivator of staple crops such as cassava (with annual production of up to 45 million tons) and yam (with annual production of over 30 million metric tons) as well as cash crops such as cocoa (with annual production towering above 140,000 tons) and natural rubber (with annual exports exceeding 60,000 tons). The country’s tropical monsoon, wet and dry, sahel and alpine climate is steady and reasonably predictable. Never in her annals have there been cases of extreme weather (such as heat waves, wildfire, cyclones or tornadoes) or deadly natural disasters (such as earthquakes, mudslides, volcanoes, avalanches or tsunamis).

With a population of over 190 million people (based on recent United Nations estimates), Nigeria remains the most populous country in Africa and, by extension, the most populous black country in the world. This population is a big commercial asset in terms of consumption levels and appetite which easily translates to high demand for essential goods and services.

  • Natural Resources

Nigeria is blessed with abundant mineral resources which includes oil, gas, coal, limestone, tin, bitumen, granite, iron ore, zinc, lead, salt, tantalite, gemstone, bentonite, laterite clay, potash, bauxite, spring water, glass sand, to mention a few, most of which are yet to be fully exploited. In terms of quality, Nigeria’s Bonny light and Qua Iboe crude are among the finest in the world. In the oil-rich Niger-Delta region International Oil Companies such as Shell, Exxon Mobil, Chevron, Agip, among others, have extensive exploration platforms. In 2011 there were 37.2 billion barrels (5.91×109 m3) of proven oil reserves in the country (which ranked her as the biggest oil producer in Africa and the 11th biggest in the world). Potential gas production stands at 2.5 million barrels per day (362×103 m3/d) on average. However, due to the incessant and frequent restiveness in the oil-producing areas, production has dropped to an average of 1.5 million bpd in the current dispensation. The country has about 188 trillion standard cubic feet of gas reserves (which makes her the 7th most endowed gas nation in the world). At present the country produces about 1.35 Tcf of dry natural gas (which puts her among the world’s top 30 largest producers).

  • Human capital

Nowhere else is the greatness of Nigeria more pronounced and accentuated than in human capital. Without doubts Nigerians are cerebrally knowledgeable and brilliant while being exceptionally entrepreneurial in disposition. Examples of this abound. Her past nationalist heroes (such as Sir Ahmadu Bello, Dr. Nnamdi AziKiwe, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, and Anthony Enahoro, among others) had worked hard (through intellectual engagement and non-violent orchestration) to get political independence for the country from Great Britain, the colonial master.

In terms of medicine, Nigeria has first-class professionals. There are over 15,000 Nigerian doctors practicing abroad in fields such obstetrics, orthopedics, pathology, radiology, dentistry, among others. Recently a U.S.-based Nigerian doctor, Oluyinka Olutoye, made global headline when he performed a delicate surgery operation on a 23-week- old fetus – which he removed from the mother’s womb, operated upon, and then successfully returned with complication.

Philip Emagweali’s groundbreaking work on the Connection Machine had earned him the Gordon Bell Prize in 1989. In sports, Nigeria can boast of exceptional talents that have performed excellent feats. Soccer stars such as Kanu Nwakwo had played for big English clubs such as Portsmouth, Arsenal and West Bromwich Albion. He won the UEFA Champion’s League medal, FA Community Shield, Olympic gold medal, among others. Jay Jay Okocha had played for Bolton Wanderers, Hull City, Paris St. Germain and Fernerbache, among others. He was named the BBC African Footballer of the Year and had taken the Golden Boot at the African Cup of Nations.  Oguchialu Chijioke Onyewu currently plays for Charlton Athletic in the United States, Kelechi Iheanacho for Manchester Unity, Alex Iwobi for Arsenal, to mention a few.

In the financial sector, Nigeria has many sterling professionals. Lamido Sanusi, who as governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria reformed the country’s ailing banking sector, was named the FORBES Person of the Year in 2011, World Central Bank Governor of the Year in 2011, sub-Saharan Central Bank Governor of the Year in 2011, and the African Central Bank Governor of the Year in 2010. Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, a two-term Finance Minister, who began the publishing in national newspapers the monthly allocation each state of the country received from the federal government to increase transparency in governance, had been the Managing Director of the World Bank.

In music, older generation musicians such as Jim Rex Lawson, Victor Olaiya, Victor Uwaifo, Fela Anikulapo Kuti, King Sunny Ade, Ebenezer Obey, etc, had taken indigenous Nigerian music to international heights, thereby setting the stage for the latter generation. Today’s younger generation artistes such as Tuface, D’bang, Davido, Wizkid, Banky W, to mention a few, have conquered the musical world and struck fame and wealth with their eclectic style of music. Tuface has four MTV Africa Music Awards, Ice Prince won the BET Award for Best International Act from Africa in 2013, D’bang was named the bestselling African musician at the World Music Awards in 2014.  In literature, Wole Soyinka won the highly coveted Nobel Prize in the 1980s, Chinua Achebe the Man Booker Prize in 2007, Ben Okri the Commonwealth Writers Prize (Best book, Africa region) in 1987 and the Booker Prize in 1991, to mention a few. I could write a full-length book on the many achievements of Nigerians both at home and abroad and still not be able to completely exhaust the topic.

  • Tourism potentials

Tourist attractions abound. For example, the Ikogosi Warm Springs, Olumo Rock, Erin-Ijesha Waterfalls, Zuma Rock, Ogbunike Cave, Obudu Cattle Ranch, Tinapa Resort, Yankari Games Reserve, Gurara waterfalls, Okomu Forest Reserve, Kamji Dam, Gashaka Gumti National Park, and so on. There are also highly calibrated cultural festivals such as the Osun Osogbo, the Argungun fishing competition, and the New Yam, among others, which are spectacular and enthralling to witness. Nigeria’s tourism potential can earn her enormous foreign exchange if well harnessed.

  • Cultural heritage

Nigeria has over 250 ethnic groups and more than 500 spoken indigenous languages.  The predominant ethnic groups are the Hausa-Fulanis (who constitutes 29% of the population), Yoruba (21%), Igbo (18%), Ijaw (10%), Kanuri (4%) , Ibibio (3.5%), Tiv (2.5%), according to the fact sheet on Nigeria by the Economic Section of  United States Embassy in Nigeria that was published in 2012. Despite the increased upsurge of ethnic and regional agitations and the security threats in the North east, Nigerians remain inextricably united. Inter-ethnic marriages continue to take place to underscore the resolve of Nigerians to live peacefully together and the old bonds of brotherliness and solidarity.

Traditional rulers such as the Sultan of Sokoto, Emir of Kano, Shehu of Borno, the Tor Tiv, Ooni of Ife, Alaafin of Oyo, Oba of Lagos, Oba of Benin, Obi of Onitsha, the Obong of Calabar, Amanyanabos of Ijaw land, Olu of Warri, among others, are strong testaments of the historic strength and prowess of traditional Nigerian kingdoms of the past. Traditional cuisines such as edikangikong, egusi soup, suya, moin moin, goat-head pepper soup (or isi-ewu), banga, etc, are nourishing and delicious.  Some of them have made their mark in the intercontinental food market. Suya, for instance, has become a regular feature of the Notting Hill Carnival in London.

In 1977 Nigeria hosted the Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture (dubbed FESTAC’77) during which over 16,000 participants (from 56 countries in Africa and the Diaspora) came to Lagos for a month to showcase black values and civilization through enchanting cultural dances and displays as well as drama performances and poetry recitation.

In conclusion, from the foregoing, it is not farfetched to see that Nigeria is truly a great country.  What remains is for her leaders to properly harness the above potential for sustainable development.


Kenneth Okpomo

Kenneth Okpomo

I am a graduate of University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN) with a degree in Sociology & Anthropology. I am currently enrolled for the M.Sc program in Peace Studies & Conflict Resolution in the School of Arts and Social Sciences at the National Open University of Nigeria.

My research interests are in the areas of democracy and good governance, rural and urban development, poverty alleviation and economic empowerment, race and ethnic relations, among others. I have an immutable faith in the Nigeria and in her potentials and as a patriot, I will continue to project Nigerian values and cultures in positive light both at home and abroad.

Ernest Munachiso Eze & Jessey Uche-Nwichi Win 2017 Cowbellpedia Maths Quiz

Jessey Uche-Nwichi and Munachi Ernest-Eze have emerged overall winners respectively in the junior and senior categories of the 2017 Cowbellpedia Maths Quiz.

By winning the 2017 Cowbellpedia Maths Quiz, Jessey Uche-Nwichi and Munachi Ernest-Eze emerge Nigeria’s youngest next inventors.

Munachi made history however, having won the 2015 edition in the junior category and coming back to win in the senior category.

Munachi is a 16-year-old student of Loyola Jesuit College, Abuja. He was the Cowbellpedia 2015 junior champion and is the first person to win the competition twice, as a junior and as a senior.

Jessey is a 13-year-old student of Graceland International School, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.

The journey of the finalists began when 52,000 students wrote a preliminary test. Out of the 52,000, 108 made it to the live-show. These 108 were the 74 best junior and senior students from all 36 states and the FCT (to ensure every state is represented). The remaining 34 were the best students nationwide – 17 junior and senior. In the end, 12 finalists emerged – 6 in the junior and senior categories and 2 of them (Munachiso and Jessey) won the grand prize of 1 million Naira each, an all-paid educational excursion outside the country and the ultimate bragging rights of being the 2017 Mathematics Champions.

Cowbell has been promoting mathematics in secondary schools in Nigeria for about 20 years now through the yearly competitions.

How Great Is Nigeria! By Mpamugo Chinedu Christian

How Great Is Nigeria!

Good People, Great Nation

Besides in the setting of the slogan of the 2009 rebranding exercise and on a few other occasions, it is currently not common to see the word ‘great’ employed to describe Nigeria positively. The slogan itself is now scarsely heard, possibly more out of perceived inappropriateness than out of advancement beyond 2009. Indeed many headlines about the country today are those which, like a painter’s brush, successfully add successive layers of uncertainty and ugliness over her image. Unfortunately, Nigeria and Nigerians have become known for many unpleasant reasons. Widespread and deep-seated corruption, nepotism, misappropriation of public resources, insecurity of life and property especially due to militancy and terror, high unemployment and an unstable economy are realities which confront Nigeria. Adding to these bad governance at various levels, the weakness of basic infrastructure like education and health, poverty due to unequal distribution of wealth, continuous ethnic and religious tension and mistrust, and the surge in the level of crime, it is obvious that the concerns of well-meaning Nigerians are serious and sincere.

However, despite all that besets Nigeria, she remains a great nation, and considering the existing national situation as a challenge against the full exhibition of this greatness rather than as a permanent rotten state is necessary for making meaningful progress. The truth remains that issues pertaining to the country have not always been this way. Like Jide Olanrewaju in his documentary The Story of Nigeria said, there was a time when Nigerians were respected and even honoured everywhere they went. There was a time when the significance of Nigeria was evident in many areas of nationhood. Hence, thankfully, although her greatness may not be very apparent today, although it may have been masked for so long, it has not been lost. The matter therefore should not be to keep mourning and complaining over what has become of Nigeria, but to look carefully and see what makes her great still, for, among other things, this will form a basis on which to anchor the hope for a better country.

Describing Nigeria as great is beyond a sentimental decision; it is a fact. Many factors make her the great nation she is. Some of them involves the exploits of certain Nigerians who have shone in many different fields. These exemplary Nigerians are a testament to the fact that every Nigerian and indeed Nigeria as a country has the capacity to shine.

The Nigerian Spirit

The fact of being a Nigerian is something every Nigerian should be proud of. The patience of the Nigerian people in the face of difficulty, the continued perseverance despite all the negatives and the fact that Nigerians find a reason to laugh in every situation make Nigerians a very happy people. Nigerians have an innate resilience, something that just makes them able to raise their heads in the face of opposition and prevail.  Nigerians are hardworking people, they do not give up on their dreams.

This is a land where opportunities in many areas abound. Though not without some setbacks, the Nigerian economy is one of the largest in Africa, with very numerous chances in many different fields like commerce and trade.

Culture and Diversity

With hundreds of cultures and ethnic groups, Nigeria certainly stands tall as the home of diversity. Nigeria is home to various tribes, languages, festivals and so much more. Very interestingly, Nigeria is also a place of very many mouthwatering dishes, each unique in an amazing way. For instance, while the Yorubas in the southwest are owners of delicious delicacies like amala and ewedu, the  Ibibio are the experts in Afang, and those from the Niger Delta possess the famous banga soup with pounded yam.


Nigeria has numerous sound minds in various areas like medicine, politics, law, economics, technology and many other fields. Both home and abroad, Nigerians continue to excel in these very many fields of endeavour. Nigerian scholars continue to stand out everywhere they go. The very fact that Nigerians are the most educated immigrant community in the United States of America says a lot of good things about the country. Geniuses like Philip Emeagwali and Jelani Aliyu are Nigerians who have excelled exceedingly  in invention and technology.


Nollywood, Nigeria’s movie industry continues to impress and improve in terms of quality, consistency and production rate. As the largest movie industry in Africa and one of the largest worldwide, not only does Nollywood employ many Nigerians, it has also produced great movie actors, actresses, directors, producers among others. The world over, Nigerian movies are celebrated for their entertainment value.

In modelling, the likes of Agbani Darego and Oluchi are world renowned models who have displayed excellence in their crafts.

Like the movie industry, the music industry in Nigeria is the biggest in Africa and one of the most vibrant worldwide. Multiple award-winning musical acts from Nigeria have gone on to make their voices heard both nationally and abroad. Musicians such as Onyeka Onwenu, Fela Kuti and King Sunny Ade were prominent internationally in time past. Currently, with a relatively new group of musicians such as the multiple award-winning Timi Dakolo and the sensational soul singer Asa, Nigerian music continues to dominate.

The human resources and the people

As the most populous black nation with over 160 million people, Nigeria does not fall short on the issue of human resources. Nigeria also has a large proportion of young people who constitute the workforce as indeed there is strength in number.

Ecology and Agriculture

The beauty of Nigeria does not lie in just the pleasant nature of her land but also in the  delightable variety in her geography. Exploring from the savannah regions upnorth to the green hills of Enugu and to the rich rainforests and rivers of the Delta, it is obvious that there is something special about the Nigerian landscape. Nigeria also has a favourable weather and climate which also promotes agriculture and makes for a comfortable environment.

With flourishing agriculture evidenced by healthy crop and livestock farming, confirming the green colour on the national flag, Nigeria is a place to be proud about.


Nigeria had a major role in the development of Africa and the liberation of the continent from colonization and black segregation. Eminent Nigerians like Sir Tafawa Balewa, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Sir Ahmadu Bello and Obafemi Awolowo played prominent roles, not only in the Nigerian cause. With some of the earlier pan-Africanists and political heads such as Kwame Nkrumah and Jomo Kenyatta, they advanced the African cause for self-determination and progress. Nigerians like these are a source of inspiration and pride.


Nigeria is well endowed with natural resources. Most apparent amongst the resources involved is petroleum, with Nigeria, very rich in oil, being a major part of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Apart from the obvious resources such as petroleum abundant in the south-south of the country and coal plentiful in Enugu state, there abounds more resources in Nigeria.

Many of Nigeria’s resources are good commodities for export and business and are a source of income and foreign exchange.


Intelligent literary icons who have etched their names and the name of their country in gold are not rare. Individuals like Wole Soyinka, Chinua Achebe, Isidore Okpewho, Elechi Amadi, Helon Habila, Femi Osofisan, Buchi Emecheta, Flora Nwapa and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie are Nigerians who have successfully become outstanding and recognized. This is another evidence of the intelligence and excellence that resides innately in the Nigerian, a reason for all Nigerians to hold their heads and shoulders high.


Chioma Ajunwa, Nwankwo Kanu, Blessing Okagbare and Austin Okocha are just a few of the many whose exploits in the sporting world has put Nigeria on the map of sporting nations. Still, Nigeria continues to produce successful athletes such as Safiya Yahaya-Kongoila and Kelechi Iheanacho. Being the only African nation to ever win an Olympic football tournament is a feat to proud about. Sports in NIgeria has grown as a unifying factor has thrived and continues to be a source of happiness and engagement to her citizens.

The hope that still lives

Despite all that has transpired in the history of Nigeria, the very fact that Nigeria still stands as a nation is a reason to smile. Every Nigerian must be proud of the greatness that they hold on the inside. Indeed, the excellence that any country would have is the result of the summation of the individual greatness within her citizens. If Nigeria still has persons of greatness in it, then there is hope for a better day for all concerned.

In every endeavour, in every sphere, heroes abound who make Nigeria and the whole of Africa proud. Nigeria is great because her citizens are great and are the standard for many .The horses on the Nigeria coat of arms represent dignity and the eagle, strength. These virtues in Nigerians are indications of greatness.

Indeed we are a great nation of good people.


Mpamugo Chinedu Christian

Mpamugo Chinedu Christian

I am a medical student at University of Nigeria. 

I love to write.

I love Nigeria.

Lumen Christi International High School Wins 2017 LAPO Quiz Competition

Lumen Christi International High School, Uromi, Edo State has emerged winner of the 2017 annual Lift Above Poverty Organisation, LAPO quiz competition held in Benin, Edo State.

Lumen Christi International High School scored 28 points in four subjects: Mathematics, English Language, Biology and Chemistry to defeat five other schools to claim the trophy.

Wingate Model Secondary School, Warri in Delta State, came second with 24 points, while St. Peter and Mary Juniorates, Asaba (Delta State), scored 20 points to clinch third position .

The winners were rewarded with plaques and different learning aids and laboratory equipment.

According to the LAPO Managing Director, Dr. Godwin Ehigiamusoe, 284 schools drawn from Edo and Delta states participated in the 2017 LAPO quiz competition.

In March 2017, Lumen Christi International High School, Uromi, Edo state emerged the overall best performing school in Nigeria by clinching the Augustus Bandele Oyediran trophy for producing the best overall results in the 2016 West African Secondary School Certificate Examination (WASSCE).

Lumen Christi International High School emerged winner with best aggregate, determined on the results of best 50 candidates based on their grades in English Language, Mathematics and a Science subject.

And recently, in October 2017, the students of Lumen Christi International High School, won the 2017 SEPLAT Pearls Quiz competition – the 6th edition of the competition, organised by SEPLAT Petroleum Development Company PLC, operators of the NPDC/SEPLAT JV assets, OML 4, 38 & 41.

How Great Is Nigeria! By Olatoyese Adesinmi

How Great Is Nigeria!


Nigeria is a country in West Africa situated on the Gulf of Guinea, has an estimated population of 190 million (United Nations estimate), approximate total land area of 924 Km² (357 sq. miles); borders Benin in the west, Niger in the north, Chad and Cameroon in the east. Nigeria has thirty-six (36) states as well as the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.

Nigeria is a great country, blessed with copious natural resources, resourceful people, natural and artificial landmarks and monuments, and has a lot of economic potentials.


The Things That Make Nigeria Great

Mineral Resources

With natural resources including petroleum, natural gas, limestone, iron ore, tin, coal, niobium, lead, zinc timber, and many more spread across the 36 states of the country, Nigeria is blessed with large deposits of mineral resources. These minerals resources, serving both the mining and manufacturing industries, put Nigeria on a pedestal.

The superabundance of petroleum in Nigeria positions her as the 12th largest producer and 8th largest exporter of petroleum in the world and also accounts for about ninety percent (90%) of total exports revenue. Also, as a result of the superfluity of these natural resources, Nigeria exports other things such as gold, rough wood and cocoa. This implies economic potentials for Nigeria.


Another great thing about Nigeria is it’s commendable stake in agriculture—plant cultivation and livestock production. Every part of Nigeria has different types of soil, which affords her the opportunity of cultivating a variety of crops.

The soil of the Northern part of Nigeria is suitable for cultivation of many plants including groundnut, sorghum, cowpeas, and many more, with the wetter areas suitable for cultivation of rice, yam, etc.; and the South, advantaged of diverse crops cultivation as a result of being tropical rain forested, is suitable for cocoa, oil palm, ginger, corn, millet and rubber.

Also, Nigeria is prominent in livestock production. The weather is enabling for the production of livestock such as goats, chicken, rabbits, cattle, and horses with little dependence in importation of meat. This places Nigeria as one of the four leading livestock producers in Sub-Saharan Africa, contributing about 12.7% of the total agricultural GDP.

System of Government

Also great about Nigeria is her system of government. Often defined as the government of the people by the people for the people, and regarded as the order of governance for the century given its features, Nigeria operates the democratic system of government. This system of government confers on the citizens the power to rule, directly or indirectly.

Nigerians enjoy the accompanying liberties of Democracy; it vests Nigerians the freedom to choose who rules through voting, freedom of expression, right to live, and the right to vote and be voted for. As democracy advances, Nigerians are at chances of enjoying the other perks of the governing system.


At about 190 million people, Nigeria has the highest population in Africa, seventh (7th) in the world. This population gives Nigeria an advantage of sufficient human resources and high demand for consumer goods, which makes it a good environment for businesses and investments. This population, coupled with the expected growth, implies economic development for the country.

Furthermore, the Nigerian populace has average age of 18 and such is teeming with youths. With youths regarded as the building blocs of a country, this suggests tremendous growth for Nigeria given leadership, creative and innovative ingenuity of youths.

International Relations

Another thing that makes Nigeria great is its decent relations with other countries. Nigeria maintains fair relations with other countries, which are established from diplomacies, military aids, or trade.

Nigeria has provided military supports to many African countries such as peacekeeping in Liberia, ending the apartheid regime in South Africa, restoring democracy in Angola among others.

Also, Nigeria has established international relations resulting from fair trade with countries like South Africa, India, China, United States of America and many more. This international relations is great such that whenever Nigeria is faced with crisis — economical, civil unrest, or terrorism, these countries may offer support.


Nigeria is notable for some of its landmarks and monuments. It houses many great natural and artificial historical, cultural, and geographical significance.

Many noteworthy landmarks like Sungbo Eredo’s Monument which is the largest single monument in Africa; Benin Moat, which with 32,000 kilometers in length is the largest earthwork in the world; Owu Falls, the steepest falls in West Africa; Aso Rock and Caves; Obudu Mountain Resort, a famous tourist attraction and many more are domiciled in Nigeria.



As illustrated above, it is evident that Nigeria is great. It has potentials for great economic, technological, and leadership development owning to the hugely available natural resources, creative and innovative potentials of youths. Also maintaining fair relations with other countries bolsters the greatness of the country. The landmarks and monuments in Nigeria which are of historical, cultural, and geographical significance further demonstrate the ingenuity of Nigerians.



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  2. Nigeria, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at> Accessed August 24, 2017.
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  4. Nigeria, Wikipedia> Assessed August 24, 2017.
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  6. Nigeria Population (2017), Wordometers. Available at> Accessed August 25, 2017.
  7. OEC – Nigeria (NGA) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners> Accessed August 25, 2017.


Olatoyese Adesinmi

Olatoyese Adesinmi

Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State.